Nearly one in nine people worldwide are starving, and the new coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated an already worsening trend this year, the United Nations said on Monday.
The economic slowdown and climate related shocks are driving more people into hunger, and nutritious food is still too expensive for many, leading not only to malnutrition, but also to rising obesity rates for adults and children.
“After decades of long-term decline, the number of people suffering from hunger has been increasing slowly since 2014,” the annual report of the world food security and nutrition said
People need not only enough food, but also nutritious food, and the study points out that a low standard diet can have expensive “health and environmental consequences.”.
The United Nations found that nearly 690 million people (8.9 percent of the world’s population) are hungry.
The study found that by 2019, the number had increased by 10 million in just one year, and 60 million in the past five years. If this trend continues, eliminating hunger by 2030, the goal set five years ago, will not be possible, the study said.
It estimates that by 2030, more than 890 million people, or 9.8 percent of the world’s population, will be affected by hunger.
Five UN agencies co authored the report: the food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for agricultural development (IFAD), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (who).
Last year, the report estimated that more than 820 million people were hungry, but revised the estimate based on data from previous years in China.
The report said the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic has been a heavy blow in the generally poor countries, which may lead to another 83 million to 132 million malnutrition this year.
About a quarter of Africa’s population is likely to suffer from hunger by 2030, compared with 19.1% today, twice the world average.
In Asia, hunger has fallen by 8 million since 2015, although Asia remains home to more than half of the world’s undernourished population.
The number of people in Latin America and the Caribbean is increasing by 9 million in 2015.
“A key reason why millions of people around the world suffer from hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition is that they can’t afford a healthy diet,” the report said