Hengzhigang ancient tomb in Guangzhou

Archaeologists living in Guangzhou should have a sense of achievement when shoveling out ancient cultural relics. This year, ancient tombs were found in yunshanjie area, the front area of Guangzhou garden, during the construction of the project. After investigation and exploration, a total of 57 tombs from Han Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, nearly 500 pieces (sets) of pottery, bronze, iron, beads and other cultural relics were cleared up. On December 24, the reporter made a visit, and the staff said that the place was regarded as a treasure land of geomancy in ancient times.
On the hillock at the northeast corner of the junction of Hengfu road and Luhu Road, the reporter of the new Express newspaper saw the ancient tombs surrounded. At the scene, under the yellow soil of about 3000 square meters, various rectangular mausoleums appeared, among which the wooden coffin body had been rotten, leaving only the artifacts of the owner at that time for people to imagine; the brick and stone tomb still existed, and the characters and symbols engraved on it excited the researchers.
The most abundant cultural relics are found in the juxtaposed tombs of Han Dynasty
According to Rao Chen, a staff member of Guangzhou Institute of cultural relics and archaeology, from July to December this year, in cooperation with the construction of the south entrance of Luhu Park and other node landscape improvement project (yunshanjie area in the front area of Guangzhou Garden), the Institute carried out archaeological investigation and Exploration on the construction scope of the project, and after reporting to the State Administration of cultural relics for approval, carried out rescue archaeological excavation on the ancient tombs found in the exploration. At present, 57 tombs have been cleared, including 11 tombs of Han Dynasty, 13 tombs of Southern Jin Dynasty, 2 tombs of Tang Dynasty, 1 tombs of Song Dynasty, 5 tombs of Ming Dynasty, and 25 tombs of Qing Dynasty. Nearly 500 pieces (sets) of cultural relics, such as pottery, bronze, iron and pearl ornaments, have been unearthed. “The distribution of ancient tombs found in this exploration is very dense, and the phenomenon of late tombs breaking early tombs is frequent. Of the more than 50 tombs that have been cleared, Han tombs and tombs of the Eastern Jin and Southern Dynasties are concentrated, numerous and large-scale. ” Rao Chen said.
The tombs of the Han Dynasty are all tombs with wooden coffins. From the late Western Han Dynasty to the Eastern Han Dynasty, the tombs are well preserved, with rich burial objects, most of which are pottery. In addition, there are bronze swords, bronze mirrors and bronze coins. It is worth mentioning that there are two tombs in parallel at the site, which are named “M27” and “M28” by archaeologists. They are the most abundant burial objects, and the models of Cang, Zao, Jing and Wu have the local characteristics of Lingnan. M28 funerary beads are composed of 260 crystal, agate, amber and other texture beads and tube decorations, which are very exquisite. It is speculated that M27 and M28 are probably the joint burial tombs of the couple.
The tombs of the Eastern Jin Dynasty were generally large-scale, with exquisite construction and regular brick patterns. Although they were often stolen and disturbed, there were still a number of celadon porcelain, talcum pig and other artifacts left. The bricks of one of the tombs have the chronological characters of “four years of Daxing”, which provides an important scale for the study of the dating of the Eastern Jin tombs in Guangzhou.
The ancient people regarded the Mausoleum as a basement, and hengzhigang was very popular near the mountain and water
Why is this place favored by the ancients? Yi Xibing, director of the archaeological project and vice president of Guangzhou Institute of cultural relics and archaeology, pointed out that this is related to the ancients’ concept of “seeing death as life”. “The location of the ancient mausoleum is very exquisite. They regard it as their house under the ground. The environment of this place is very good. There are mountains in the north, water in the west, and the mountain is a relatively low earth mountain, which is very suitable for burial. ” According to reports, the place where the tombs are unearthed belongs to the “guihuagang Shidai gang hengzhigang” underground cultural relics burial area, which is the key burial area of Guangzhou underground ancient tombs. Hengzhigang is located in the Northeast suburb of the ancient city of Guangzhou. It is about 3km away from the center of the ancient city of Guangzhou (now Beijing Road and Zhongshan 4th Road). The Luhu reservoir in the west is a stream from Baiyun Mountain in the Han Dynasty. Since the 1950s, archaeologists have carried out dozens of rescue archaeological exploration and excavation work in hengzhigang area in cooperation with construction projects, cleaned up nearly 1000 tombs from the Han Dynasty to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and unearthed a large number of cultural relics.
The reporter learned that the on-site archaeological work should be completed by the end of this month. After collecting data in a comprehensive and scientific way and properly preserving the unearthed cultural relics, the archaeologists will cooperate with the urban construction and development, hand over the archaeological site to the site construction party for backfilling and greening.